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How Much Does It Cost to Drill a Well? (2024)

$25 – $61
Cost Per Foot (Complete Install)
$3,750 – $15,300
Average Total Cost to Drill a Well
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Key Takeaways

Key PointsDetails
Cost to Drill a Well Per Foot (Drilling Only)$15 – $25
Cost to Drill a Well Per Foot (Complete Install)$25 – $61
Average Total Cost$3,750 – $15,300
Depth Affecting CostCosts increase with well depth; see tables below for estimates
Workmen drilling a well into the ground | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?
Workmen drilling a well into the ground | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?

Cost Per Foot (Drilling Only)

Drilling a well can cost between $15 and $25 per foot, which covers just the drilling process and nothing else. This is one of the main variables that affects the overall cost of the project.

Cost Per Foot (Complete Install)

For a complete installation, which includes casing, wiring, and the pump, costs can range from $25 to $61 per foot. This provides a more comprehensive view of the expenses involved in making a well operational.

Average Total Cost to Drill a Well

The average total cost to drill a well, considering all factors such as depth, type of casing, and additional installations, ranges from $3,750 to $15,300.

Cost to Drill a Well

The cost of drilling a well varies based on the depth and the type of casing used. Below is a detailed table showcasing the well drilling costs.

Cost To Drill A Well Overview

Depth In Feet4″ Diameter PVC Casing6″ Diameter Steel Casing8″ Diameter Steel Casing

Average Cost of Drilling a Water Well

ItemAverage Cost
National Average Cost$9,180
Minimum Cost$1,775
Maximum Cost$30,000
Average Range$3,750 to $15,300

Cost to Drill a Well Per Square Foot

The cost per foot varies depending on the type of well being drilled.

Well Drilling Cost Per Foot

TypeAverage Cost Per Foot
Digging A 3″–4″ Well To 25′$10 – $25
4″ Residential Water Well$25 – $40
6″ Residential Water Well$30 – $65
8″ Residential Water Well$60 – $100
Irrigation or Agricultural Well$50 – $100
Artesian Well$35 – $85
Geothermal Well$5 – $40

Residential Water Well Cost

ItemAverage Cost
Drilling Only$15 – $25 per foot
Well Pump$400 – $2,500
Well Casing Pipe$250 – $2,500
Electrical Wiring & Control Box$500 – $1,500
Pressure Storage Tank & Switch$300 – $2,500
Water Treatment & Purification System$500 – $3,000
Water Quality Testing$50 – $650
Permit$350 – $700
Water Heater$800 – $1,800

Cost To Drill A Shallow Well

Shallow wells are generally less expensive and can range between $1,775 to $9,100 depending on the depth and soil conditions.

Irrigation or Agricultural Well Cost

ItemAverage Cost
Residential Drilling + Pump$9,000 – $15,000
Commercial Drilling + Pump$50,000 – $100,000
Electrical Wiring$25 – $50 per foot + $500 – $1,000 per pole every 200 feet
Pressure Storage Tank$300 – $2,500

Geothermal Well Drilling Cost

Geothermal wells cost between $5 and $40 per foot, which is lower compared to other types of wells, due to relatively simpler casing requirements and shallower depths needed.

Artesian Well Cost

Artesian wells, pressure-driven and requiring specific geological conditions, can cost between $35 and $85 per foot.

Sand Point Well Cost

Sand point wells are ideal for shallow setups and incur lower costs. Refer to the breakdown below for individual components.

Sand Point Well Cost

ItemAverage Cost
Sand Point Kit$225 – $500
Steel Down Pipe$100 – $150
Jet Pump & Pressure Tank Combo$200 – $600 + $439 to install
Hand Pump & Small Tank Combo$100 – $300 + $146 to install
Sand Point$35
Well Cap / Seal$20 – $40
Workmen starting a well by drilling the ground | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?
Workmen starting a well by drilling the ground | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?

Downsides to Sand Point Wells

  • Limited to shallow groundwater.
  • More susceptible to contamination.
  • Might require more frequent maintenance.

Cost to Redrill a Well Deeper

Redrilling a well can vary widely based on depth and ground conditions. Expect to pay $25 – $65 per foot for deepening a well, not including additional casing or any required permits.

New Water Well Installation Costs

Water Well Drilling Process

The process involves several steps, typically taking a couple of days to a week, depending on the specific conditions and requirements. Below is an overview of the steps.

  • Site Preparation: Clearing and leveling the drilling site.
  • Drilling: Executing the drilling process until water is reached.
  • Casing: Installing the required casing to prevent collapse.
  • Pump Installation: Setting up the water pump and connecting it.
  • Wiring and Plumbings: Installing electrical systems and plumbing fixtures.
  • Water Testing: Ensuring the water is safe for consumption.

Cost to Drill a Well Breakdown

ItemAverage Cost
Drilling$15 – $25 per foot
Pump System$300 – $2,000
Add Electric Line$500 – $1,500
Water Treatment$638
Lab Water Testing$395
Pressure Tank$309
Submersible Pump$308
Cycle Stop Valve$187
Control Box$71
Pressure Switch$47
Well Cap / Seal$18
Control Panel Wiring Kit$6

Well Water Pump

Costs for well water pumps vary depending on the type and depth of the well.

Well Water Pumps

TypeAverage CostDescription
Shallow Well Jet Pump$400 – $1,000For wells 25′ deep or less, placed outside the well.
Deep Submersible Well Pump$1,000 – $2,500Submersed inside wells 90′ – 300′ deep.
Convertible Jet Well Pump$400 – $1,200For shallow and deep wells up to 90′ deep.

Well Casing Cost

Well casing is essential for maintaining the well’s structure and purity of the water. Costs differ based on the material used.

Well Casing Cost

TypeAverage Cost Per Foot
PVC$6 – $10
Galvanized Steel Pipe$33 – $54
Stainless Steel Pipe$57 – $129

Cost To Drill a Well and Septic System

Installing both a well and a septic system can range from $30,000 to $60,000 depending on geographic and site-specific conditions.

Well Caps and Seals Cost

Well caps and seals are relatively low-cost components, essential for ensuring the well is sealed off from contamination and other external factors.

Well Water Storage Tank Cost

Storage tanks are necessary for maintaining a consistent water supply and providing pressure. Average costs range from $700 to $4,000 depending on capacity and materials used.

Cost Factors To Dig A Well

Shallow vs. Deep Well Depth

The depth of the well significantly impacts the overall cost. Below is a comparison of shallow and deep wells.

Shallow vs. Deep Well

Shallow WellDeep Well
Average 25′ to 50′ deepAverage 100′ to 300′ and deeper
Dug well 3′ to 10′ diameter, sand point wells use 1-1/4″ pipe inside the well casingTypically 4″ to 6″ diameter, uses 2″ or greater pipe inside the well casing
Can go dry during a droughtDoesn’t go dry, a deeper and wider well increases well yield
Can be contaminated with E. coli or chloroformUncontaminated if installed according to regulations
Brand new well installed into the backyard ground | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?
Brand new well installed into the backyard ground | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?

Ground Conditions

Different ground conditions affect well drilling costs significantly. Below is a cost estimate based on ground conditions.

Well Drilling Cost Estimate By Ground Conditions

ConditionCost Difference
Partial Rock+92.34%
Dense Rock+155.38%

Well Drilling Costs By State

Well drilling costs can vary based on the state due to geological and regulatory factors.

Well Drilling Costs By State

StateAverage Cost Per Foot
Alabama$27 – $59
Alaska$34 – $75
Arizona$27 – $58
Arkansas$26 – $57
California$30 – $65
Colorado$28 – $62
Connecticut$30 – $66
Delaware$29 – $63
District of Columbia$31 – $69
Florida$26 – $58
Georgia$27 – $59
Hawaii$33 – $73
Idaho$25 – $55
Illinois$29 – $63
Indiana$27 – $59
Iowa$27 – $59
Kansas$28 – $61
Kentucky$27 – $59
Louisiana$28 – $61
Maine$27 – $58
Maryland$29 – $62
Massachusetts$31 – $69
Michigan$28 – $62
Minnesota$28 – $61
Mississippi$26 – $58
Missouri$27 – $59
Montana$27 – $59
Nebraska$26 – $56
Nevada$28 – $62
New Hampshire$28 – $61
New Jersey$30 – $67
New Mexico$26 – $56
New York$30 – $65
North Carolina$27 – $59
North Dakota$29 – $64
Ohio$28 – $61
Oklahoma$27 – $58
Oregon$27 – $59
Pennsylvania$28 – $61
Rhode Island$29 – $64
South Carolina$28 – $61
South Dakota$26 – $58
Tennessee$27 – $60
Texas$28 – $62
Utah$27 – $59
Vermont$27 – $58
Virginia$27 – $59
Washington$28 – $61
West Virginia$27 – $58
Wisconsin$28 – $61
Wyoming$28 – $61
Well installed after drilling in backyard | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?
Well installed after drilling in backyard | How Much Does It Cost To Drill A Well?

Distance To House

The distance from the well to the house can also significantly affect the cost. Longer distances require more trenching, materials, and labor.

Well Permits

Obtaining a permit for drilling a well is mandatory and can vary in cost from $100 to $1,000 depending on local regulations.

Well Water Testing Cost

Testing well water is crucial for ensuring safety and potability. Below is an estimate of testing costs from various companies.

Well Water Testing Cost

CompanyAverage Cost
Clean Water Testing$80 – $399
Safe Home$160 – $325
Water Check$120 – $230
US Water Company$95 – $369
My Tap Score$139 – $650

Private Well vs. Municipal Water System

Comparing the costs of using a private well versus a municipal water system can provide insight into long-term savings.

Private Water Well vs. Municipal Water

Payment (Per Month)Municipal WaterWater Well
Water (12,000 to 24,000 Gallons)$20 – $40$0
Loan Cost (Over 15 Years, Optional)$0$65 – $142
Maintenance$0$10 – $20

Well Drilling FAQs

Can I Put A Well On My Property?

Yes, you can, provided you gain the necessary permits and abide by local regulations.

How Deep to Drill for Water?

The depth needed varies based on your specific location’s water table. On average, residential wells are between 100 to 300 feet deep.

How Long Does It Take to Drill a Water Well?

The entire process, from hauling equipment to water testing, generally takes 3 to 7 days.

Time It Takes To Drill A Water Well

Hauling & Setting Up Equipment1
Drilling1 – 2
Installing Pump System0.5
Running Electricity0.5
Water Testing1 – 3

How Much Does It Cost to Maintain a Well?

Maintenance costs vary, but you should budget $100 to $500 annually for routine maintenance and occasional repairs.

What Is a Good Static Water Level in a Well?

A static water level of 25 to 50 feet is typically considered good, although this can vary depending on local conditions.

How Long Does a Water Well Last?

A well can last 30 to 50 years, depending on the quality of construction, materials used, and regular maintenance.

Can a Well Dry Up?

Yes, wells can dry up, especially shallow wells during drought conditions.

Do You Have A Water Bill With Well Water?

No, utilizing well water eliminates monthly water bills, although you will incur electricity and maintenance expenses.

Hiring a Well Drilling Company

When hiring a well drilling company, it’s vital to assess their experience, references, and understanding of local geology.

Questions to Ask Well Drillers

  • How many years of experience do you have?
  • Can you provide references from previous clients?
  • What is the estimated timeline for completing the well?
  • What types of warranties or guarantees do you offer?
  • Are you familiar with local and state regulations?
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