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How Much Does It Cost to Build a Barn?

$25 - $100
cost to build a barn per square foot
$75,000 - $300,000
average cost to build a barn (3,000 SF)
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Key Takeaways

Key PointDetails
Cost Per Square Foot Installed$25 – $100
Average Cost to Build a Barn (1,200 SF)$30,000 – $120,000
National Average Cost$75,000
Minimum Cost$6,400
Maximum Cost$600,000

Building a barn can provide valuable space for storage, livestock, or other uses. Understanding the costs involved can help you plan your barn construction project effectively.

Cost to Build a Barn by Size

The cost of building a barn varies based on its size and intended use. Below is a breakdown of average costs by size:

SizeSquare FeetAverage CostTypical Use
16×16256$6,400 – $25,6001-car garage, 1-horse barn
20×20400$10,000 – $40,0001 or 2-car garage, 2-horse barn, 30 bales of hay
20×30600$15,000 – $60,0001 or 2-car garage, 2-horse barn, 50 bales of hay
24×24576$14,400 – $57,6001 or 2-car garage, 2-horse barn
30×30900$22,500 – $90,0003-car garage, small retail space, 4-horse barn
30×401,200$30,000 – $120,0008-horse stall, small retail space, 100 bales of hay
30×501,500$37,500 – $150,0004-car garage, 125 bales of hay, 10-horse stable
30×601,800$45,000 – $180,0006-car garage, machine shop, 12-horse barn
36×401,440$36,000 – $144,000100 bales of hay, 8-horse stable
36×501,800$45,000 – $180,000Multi-office unit, auto or tractor workshop
40×401,600$40,000 – $160,00010 horse stall, 130 bales of hay
40×502,000$50,000 – $200,000150 bales of hay, 12-horse barn
40×602,400$60,000 – $240,000200 bales of hay, industrial workshop
40×803,200$80,000 – $320,000250 bales of hay, 20-horse barn, 2-bedroom house
50×804,000$100,000 – $400,00012-car garage, 2 or 3-bedroom house
50×1005,000$125,000 – $500,0003-bedroom house, 400 bales of hay
60×804,800$120,000 – $480,000Industrial machine shop or warehouse
60×905,400$135,000 – $540,000450 bales of hay, 4-bedroom house, 35-horse barn
60×1006,000$150,000 – $600,000Commercial warehouse or storage

Cost to Build a Wood Barn vs. Metal Prefab

The material used to build your barn significantly affects the overall cost.

MaterialCost per SF InstalledDetails
Prefab Metal Pole Barn$15 – $40A prepackaged pole barn kit with everything needed to build the barn is delivered and assembled on site. The pole barn posts are anchored in the ground with no need for a foundation.
Wood Barn (Dimensional Lumber)$20 – $100A traditional wood barn can be stick-built or a prefabricated modular package erected on site.
Timber Frame Barn$50 – $100The large and lofty custom barn is built on site using wooden beams fastened with wooden pegs, increasing time and labor. The structure requires a poured foundation for stability.

Barn Costs by Style

Different barn styles serve various purposes and come with varying costs.

StyleCost per SF InstalledDescription & Purpose
Shed Row Barn$40 – $60A run-in horse shelter with additional storage space for hay, farm equipment, or other supplies.
Monitor Barn$30 – $100Traditional raised center aisle (RCA) barn for livestock, grain storage, or even as a living space.
Pole Barn$15 – $40Open cover for storing hay and large farm equipment.
Post & Beam Barn$60 – $160Wide-open barn with no load-bearing walls breaking up the space, making them great for storing farm equipment and hay.
Gambrel Barn$25 – $60Large, lofted barns modeled after European-style barns, perfect for storing food for large herds in the winter.
Bank Barn$30 – $50Barn built into the side of a hill or bank allowing both upper and lower floors to be accessed from ground level. The lower level is well insulated for livestock while the upper level is ideal for storing equipment and feed.
Round Barn$100 – $250Circular shaped barn ideal for horse riding rings or hay storage.

Barn Costs by Construction Type & Use

The type of construction and intended use of the barn also affect the overall cost.

Barn UseAverage Installed Cost
Storage Shed or Shop$20 – $100 per square foot
Hay Barn$15 – $40 per square foot
Cattle Barn$600 – $1,600 per cow
Hog Barn$50 – $300 per pig
Horse Barn$7,000 – $11,000 per horse
Barn House$50 – $160 per square foot
Barn Wedding Venue$50 – $170 per square foot

Small Barn Shed or Shop Cost

Small barns, sheds, or shops are versatile structures that can be used for various purposes. The cost depends on the size and complexity of the project.

Cattle Barn Cost

Cattle barns are designed to house livestock, providing shelter and facilities for feeding and milking. The cost varies based on the number of cows and the specific features required.

Horse Barn Cost

Horse barns are specialized structures that provide shelter, feeding, and grooming areas for horses. The cost depends on the number of stalls and the amenities included.

Hay Barn Cost

Hay barns are used to store hay and other feed, protecting them from the elements. The cost is influenced by the size of the barn and the materials used.

Hog Barn Cost

Hog barns are designed to house pigs, providing a controlled environment for breeding and raising livestock. The cost varies based on the number of pigs and the specific features required.

Barn House Cost

Barn houses combine the functionality of a barn with living spaces, offering a unique and versatile housing option. The cost depends on the size and complexity of the design.

Building a Barn Wedding Venue

Barn wedding venues are popular for their rustic charm and spacious layouts. The cost varies based on the size and features included, such as catering facilities and guest accommodations.

Material and Labor Costs to Build a Barn

Barn Materials & Kit Prices

Barn kits provide a convenient and cost-effective way to build a barn. The materials used and the size of the kit influence the overall cost.

Labor Costs to Build a Barn

Labor costs vary based on the complexity of the project and the region.

FactorPole Barn Cost (Per Square Foot)Post & Beam Barn Cost (Per Square Foot)
Materials$10 – $30$50 – $100
Labor$5 – $10$10 – $60

Barn Building FAQs

How Long Does It Take to Build a Barn?

Building a barn typically takes 2 to 6 weeks, depending on the size and complexity of the project. Custom designs and larger structures may take longer to complete.

How Long Does a Barn Last?

A well-built barn can last 50 to 100 years or more with proper maintenance. The lifespan depends on the materials used, construction quality, and environmental factors.

Can You Get a Loan to Build a Barn?

Yes, you can obtain a loan to build a barn. Many lenders offer financing options for agricultural buildings, and some specialized loans are available for barn construction.

Do I Need a Permit to Build a Barn?

Yes, building a barn typically requires a permit. The requirements vary by location, so it’s important to check with your local building authority before starting construction.

Getting Estimates from Barn Builders

When seeking estimates for your barn construction, consider the following tips:

  1. Get Multiple Quotes: Compare prices and services from different contractors.
  2. Check References: Look for reviews and testimonials from previous clients


  1. Verify Credentials: Ensure the contractor is licensed, insured, and experienced in barn construction.
  2. Ask About Customization: See if they offer custom solutions to meet your specific needs.

Questions to Ask Barn Builders

  • How long have you been in business?
  • Can you provide references from similar projects?
  • What services are included in your standard package?
  • Do you offer any specialized barn designs?
  • What are your rates for additional services?
  • How do you handle unexpected issues or additional requests?

Cost to Build a Barn Summary

Building a barn can provide valuable space for storage, livestock, or other uses. By understanding the costs, benefits, and available options, you can make an informed decision that meets your needs and budget.

For more information on barn construction and to explore other cost-related guides, visit our detailed articles on home improvement cost and garage construction cost.

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